Martina

   Empress, niece, and second wife of Herakleios (q.v.). The marriage was widely regarded as incestuous. Popular opinion was incensed to discover, after Herakleios's death in February 641, that his will made her co-ruler with both her son Heraklonas and stepson Constantine III (qq.v.). When Constantine III died an untimely death in May of 641, after a reign of barely three months, Martina became the real power behind the throne. This provoked opposition from the senate and army (qq.v.), resulting in the revolt of Valentinos Arsakuni (q.v.), an event that produced Martina's downfall in September 641. Martina and Heraklonas were deposed; his nose was cut off, and her tongue was slit. Then they were banished to Rhodes (q.v.). This was the first instance of mutilation being used as a sign that the victim was unfit to hold office.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Martina — (lateinisch Kriegerin) bezeichnet: Martina (Vorname), die weibliche Form des männlichen Vornamens Martin; Namensträgerinnen siehe dort Heilige Martina, eine römische Märtyrin aus dem 3. Jahrhundert Martina (Byzanz), die zweite Frau des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martina — is a female name, a female form of Martin. It may refer to: Martina (given name), including a list of people with the given name Martina Martina (album), an album by Martina McBride A.C. Martina, Italian football club 981 Martina, major planet… …   Wikipedia

  • Martina — (Губбио,Италия) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 6024 Губбио, Италия …   Каталог отелей

  • Martina — (Bromskirchen,Германия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 57319 Bromskirchen, Германия …   Каталог отелей

  • Martina — f Feminine form of the Latin name Martīnus (see MARTIN (SEE Martin)). This form is in use in almost all the major languages of Europe, although it is not common in France. It was in use from an early period, being borne by a notorious poisoner… …   First names dictionary

  • Martina — Martina, Stadt in der neapolitanischen Provinz Terra d Otranto; 17,000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Martīna — Martīna, die echten Marder, eine Unterfamilie der Marder, s. Raubtiere …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • mârţină — MÂRŢÍNĂ, mârţine, s.f. (reg.) Mârţoagă. – Slav (v. sl. mrŭcina). Trimis de gall, 09.04.2008. Sursa: DLRM …   Dicționar Român

  • martina — f. Zool. Pez teleósteo fisóstomo, muy parecido al congrio, de unos ocho decímetros de largo, cuerpo cilíndrico, hocico puntiagudo, aletas pectorales pequeñas, y muy grandes la dorsal y anal, que se reúnen con la cola. La piel es lisa, de color… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Martina GR — GR ist das Kürzel für den Kanton Graubünden in der Schweiz und wird verwendet, um Verwechslungen mit anderen Einträgen des Namens Martinaf zu vermeiden. Martina …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Martina, S. (1) — 1S. Martina, V. M. (1. al. 15. et 30. Jan., 26. Febr., 25. Oct., 28. Nov.) Die hl. Jungfrau und Martyrin Martina wird in allen abendländischen Martyrologien zum 1. Jan. genannt, obwohl der Tag ihrer Verehrung ehedem im Röm. Brevier (Jan. I. 993)… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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